At a moment in which billions of dollars of financing are being sought to support developing countries to transition to low-carbon economies, relatively little attention is being paid to the ways in which decisions about expenditures are actually made. But with new technologies and new sources of financing emerging as potential drivers of an energy transformation, it is critical to understand the institutional structures and governance practices that shape sector choices. The Electricity Governance Initiative explored these issues on a panel at 14th International Anti-Corruption Conference in November 2010. Titled “Clean Energy: Conflicts of Interest and Corruption in the Electricity Sector,” the panel presented case-studies of the institutional backdrop for electricity sector planning and procurement. The panel examined how public funds for both conventional and renewable energy may serve vested interests, as well as ways in which electricity sector institutions in developing countries may be better designed to protect public interests in this capital intensive sector.